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USING ‘WH-MONSTER’ TO IMPROVE YEAR 5 ABOVE AVERAGE PUPILS’ DESCRIPTIVE WRITING

TING NGIIK YING

MADAM ROSEMARY ANAK LAYAT

PISMP TESL (SJK) JANUARY 2014 INTAKE

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ABSTRACT

This is an action research on improving Year 5 above average pupils’ descriptive writing through the use of ‘Wh-Monster’. ‘Wh-Monster’ is a learning tool that integrates the use of Wh-questions and pictures in developing pupils’ descriptive writing. The two research questions used are 1) How can I help the Year 5 above average pupils to improve in their descriptive writing? and 2) What are the benefits of using ‘Wh-Monster’ to teach descriptive writing among the Year 5 above average pupils? The research participants consisted of six Year 5 pupils with above average proficiency level from a sub-urban national primary school situated in the west coast of Sabah. The model used for this research is McNiff and Whitehead’s (2011) action research framework which was carried out in one cycle in four 60-minutes lessons. Three research instruments were utilised namely pre- and post-action tests, reflective journal and semi-structured interviews. Techniques of thematic coding and tabulation were used to analyse the data collected. Findings revealed that ‘Wh-Monster’ incorporated with engaging group activities can be used to improve descriptive writing among the Year 5 above average pupils. The benefits of using this learning tool included development of the pupils’ responsiveness and attentiveness, positive development in organisation of ideas and ability to write in various topic areas. For further research, ‘Wh-Monster’ can be integrated with ICT elements and this intervention strategy can also be implemented among mixed ability pupils over a longer period of time.

 

Keywords:descriptive writing, ‘Wh-Monster’, Wh-questions, pictures, above average pupils